The higher education in India is quite qualitative in most of the immensely significant disciplines, to entice and impress over 25,000 students and professionals from countries worldwide every year. Again, on the basis of its about 700 universities [as of 2012-13] and 35,000 colleges and institutes, and an total annual enrolment of above 25 million [including enrolments under distance learning], the higher education system of India is regarded as being the third largest educational system in the whole world, after the educational infrastructure of USA and China. These, a total of about 700 universities cover the central universities, state public universities, private universities, deemed universities, and institutes of regional and national importance; while these 35000 colleges and institutes cover all varieties of higher education colleges and institutes, big and small, and diverse professional and vocational training institutes and centers. The contribution of the State Public Universities, Central Universities, and the Private Universities to this total number of universities in India is around 45%, 06%, and 25% respectively. The section below offers exclusive information about the state wise education in india, and the top and leading States of India for providing higher education courses to Indian and foreign students, scholars, and professionals. To encourage and support the State Governments in providing highly qualitative higher education in diverse disciplines, the Ministry of Human Resource Development [MHRD] of Govt. of India, has launched a very ambitious scheme named as Rashtriya Uchchtar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) in October 2013.
Top States for Higher Education in India
The share of the universities, higher education institutes, and colleges funded and managed by the State Governments is around 40% in the total number of enrolments in the entire country, which is about 25 million [in regular mode] every year; while this ratio for the central institutions is about 03%. Again, the share of all categories of educational institutions of the private sector, in this total enrolment is about 60%, at present. Here, it may also be noted that, the number of private educational institutions under all categories is about 65% of the total higher educational institutes [HEIs] in the whole country.
The status of state-wise higher education in india differs from state to state in respect of the number of HEIs, total enrolments, the magnitude of students, the quality of higher education in diverse streams, and the number of foreign students visiting the states. Today, the most renowned and top States of India in respect of qualitative and rich higher education, are - Tamil Nadu [TN]; Karnataka; Andhra Pradesh; Delhi; Maharashtra; Uttar Pradesh; Rajasthan; Punjab; and Himachal Pradesh. In context of 'india state wise education' the following points are notable.
In terms of the largest number of state public universities the top and leading states of India are Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Karnataka. These universities [central, state, and private] broadly come under the categories of the general universities; technical universities; agricultural universities; medical universities; law universities; veterinary universities; and other universities. Noteworthy here is the striking fact that the three southern states of India, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka, collectively account for over one-third [about 34%] of the total enrolments in the whole country. Andhra Pradesh has the largest number of educational institutions in the whole country, which amounts to around 15% of the country's total [about 35,000], at present. Other States of India prominent in this respect are Maharashtra, UP, Karnataka, and Rajasthan. In respect of attracting foreign students and scholars for higher studies in India, the most famous and popular states of India are Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Delhi.