Vocational Education is the education which offers necessary practical skills and work-related experience in any specific trade or vocation to students and unemployed persons, in order to make them employable. Generally, this vocational education prepares students for doing ancillary and supportive activities at low-to-medium hierarchic levels in any professional, technical, industrial, or commercial stream. Again, the vocational education courses in india and abroad, are highly suitable and preferred by undergraduate students, high school dropouts, and moderately educated unemployed persons of the society. The most common objectives behind undergoing any vocational education program are to acquire some practical work experience, learn some employment-supportive skills and techniques, to start one's own small business or cottage industry, or obtain an additional qualification to diversify or enrich one's career in any field.
Today, almost all fields or areas of broad sectors of professions, industries, business and commerce, and services, require an ever-increasing number of supportive staff at lower levels. These jobs have good potential for promotion and growth, and immense employment opportunities. Hence, importance of vocational education is certainly immense in any progressing country, inseparably including India. The lower section offers rich and very fertile information about the vocational education in india, the most popular vocations or trades at present, and some of the reputed institutes of India for such vocational education courses.
Vocational Education Programs and Training in India
In India, rich and varied benefits of vocational education courses, have been being reaped and availed by millions of male and female students, and unemployed persons, every year. In India also, almost all most popular, highly productive, and growth-oriented trades and vocations are covered by Indian institutes, like reputed institutes engaged in providing rich vocational education in abroad. Also known as the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), or Career and Technical Education (CTE), Vocational Education and Training (VET), this vocational education in India is planned, regulated, and upgraded by the Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET) at the national-level. The ISTE [Indian Society for Technical Education, New Delhi] also plays a very supportive role for rich vocational education and training in India. The formal vocational education and training courses in India are mainly extended by governmental institutions [funded by State/Central governments], public sector institutes, and private reputed concerns. The most prominent and popular among these are Public Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs); Private-owned Industrial Training Centers (ITCs); and Polytechnics. At present, there are over 4000 ITIs, which are located in places all across the country, for offering vocational education to Indian students, in a rather wide range of vocations or trades. For detailed information about these trades and institutes, please refer to the website www.dget.nic.in/-.
Today, the most popular and highly preferred vocations or trades, for vocational education in india, are the following - Multimedia & Animation; Fashion Designing; Journalism & Media; Foreign Language Diplomas; Game Designing; Information Technology; Clinical Nutrition; Hotel Management and Tourism; Interior Designing; Beauty Consultant; Film and Media; Physiotherapy; Retail; Bio-Informatics; Packaging; Electricians; Auto-Technicians; Plumber; ANM - Male/ Female; Baking / Confectionary; Fruit and Vegetables Preservation; Desk Top Publishing (DTP); Electric and Gas Welding; Lab Technicians; Repairing /Maintenance of Domestic/ Electrical appliances; Medical Transcription; and many other fields.
Some of the most renowned and popular institutes for top-notch vocational education courses in India, are the following at present:
- Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute, Mumbai
- National Institute of Fashion Technology, Delhi
- National Institute of Fashion Design, Chandigarh
- The Indian Institute of Packaging, Mumbai
- College of Fine Arts, Bangalore
- The Institute of Textiles & Science - Bhiwani
- Nirma Institute of Science & Technology, Gandhinagar
- Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
- M S Ramaiah Polytechnic, Bangalore
- Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar
- The ICFAI University [Dehradun, Tripura]
- IGNOU, New Delhi
- Government Polytechnic College, Sagar
- Women’s Technical Training Institute, Delhi
- New Delhi Women's polytechnic, New Delhi
- Academy for Career & Vocational Training, Chennai
- M N Technical Institute, Bangalore
- Alagappa College of Technology, Chennai
- BRCM College of Engineering & Technology, Bhiwani
- Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bangalore
- Shaheed Bhagat Singh State Technical Campus, Ferozepur
Today, the most popular and preferred programs for study in india are related with the following broad streams - information technology, business administration and management, engineering and technology, medical sciences, law and paralegal, sciences, accounts and commerce, mass communication and journalism, fashion technology, fine arts and design, internet and multimedia, e-business and commerce, culinary and hospitality, languages and literature, medical assisting, computer hardware and software, library and information science, nursing, biotechnology, entrepreneurship, social sciences, wellness and nutrition, rural development, a variety of vocational courses, pharmaceuticals, and many other scientific, technical, and non-technical fields or subjects.